CentOS6.5下安装远程桌面服务端软件VNC Server

VNC 使您可以远程访问和控制您的计算机从另一计算机或移动设备上,无论你在世界任何地方常见的使用情形,包括给同事和朋友提供桌面支持、远程管理您的服务器

将 VNC Server部署到您想要控制计算机,使用VNC Viewer连接到你想要控制的计算机

安装服务:

yum install tigervnc-server

这名称有点怪,没用过不知道的话是猜测不到的。

[root@localhost ~]# yum install tigervnc-server
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, refresh-packagekit, security
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirror.bit.edu.cn
 * extras: mirrors.yun-idc.com
 * updates: mirrors.yun-idc.com
Setting up Install Process
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package tigervnc-server.x86_64 0:1.1.0-8.el6_5 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

===============================================================================================================================================================================================
 Package                                           Arch                                     Version                                            Repository                                 Size
===============================================================================================================================================================================================
Installing:
 tigervnc-server                                   x86_64                                   1.1.0-8.el6_5                                      updates                                   1.1 M

Transaction Summary
===============================================================================================================================================================================================
Install       1 Package(s)

Total download size: 1.1 M
Installed size: 2.9 M
Is this ok [y/N]: y
Downloading Packages:
tigervnc-server-1.1.0-8.el6_5.x86_64.rpm                                                                                                                                | 1.1 MB     00:02     
Running rpm_check_debug
Running Transaction Test
Transaction Test Succeeded
Running Transaction
  Installing : tigervnc-server-1.1.0-8.el6_5.x86_64                                                                                                                                        1/1 
  Verifying  : tigervnc-server-1.1.0-8.el6_5.x86_64                                                                                                                                        1/1 

Installed:
  tigervnc-server.x86_64 0:1.1.0-8.el6_5        
Complete!

运行并设置密码:

vncserver :1

注意:vncserver和:1之间必须有空格的。

输入密码,会生成相关的文件

[root@localhost ~]# vncserver :1

You will require a password to access your desktops.

Password:
Verify:
xauth:  creating new authority file /root/.Xauthority

New 'localhost.localdomain:1 (root)' desktop is localhost.localdomain:1

Creating default startup script /root/.vnc/xstartup
Starting applications specified in /root/.vnc/xstartup
Log file is /root/.vnc/localhost.localdomain:1.log

配置用户

vim /etc/sysconfig/vncservers  

最后一行加入:

VNCSERVERS="1:root" 多个用户用空格分开


实用命令

usage: vncserver [:<number>] [-name <desktop-name>] [-depth <depth>]
                 [-geometry <width>x<height>]
                 [-pixelformat rgbNNN|bgrNNN]
                 [-fp <font-path>]
                 [-fg]
                 <Xvnc-options>...
       vncserver -kill <X-display>
       vncserver -list
vncserver[:n]开服务
vncserver -list看有几个在运行
vncserver -kill :n   杀掉第几个x-display
vncpasswd           修改密码

服务管理

service vncserver restart
其它用法:/etc/init.d/vncserver {start|stop|restart|try-restart|status|force-reload}
chkconfig vncserver on 加入到自启动(chkconfig --level 35 vncserver on)

客户端连接
CentOS:使用TigerVNC Viewer 连接 ip:1
Windows:使用Real VNC Viewer 连接ip:1
输入密码即可访问

错误记录及解决方案:

错误记录:
[root@localhost media]# service vncserver start
Starting VNC server: 1:root 
WARNING: The first attempt to start Xvnc failed, possibly because the font
catalog is not properly configured.  Attempting to determine an appropriate
font path for this system and restart Xvnc using that font path ...
Could not start Xvnc.


/usr/bin/Xvnc: symbol lookup error: /usr/bin/Xvnc: undefined symbol: pixman_composite_trapezoids
/usr/bin/Xvnc: symbol lookup error: /usr/bin/Xvnc: undefined symbol: pixman_composite_trapezoids


                                                           [FAILED]
解决方案:
yum install pixman pixman-devel libXfont


错误记录:
[root@localhost /]# vncserver :1

WARNING: The first attempt to start Xvnc failed, possibly because the font
catalog is not properly configured.  Attempting to determine an appropriate
font path for this system and restart Xvnc using that font path ...
Could not start Xvnc.

_XSERVTransSocketUNIXCreateListener: ...SocketCreateListener() failed
_XSERVTransMakeAllCOTSServerListeners: server already running

Fatal server error:
Cannot establish any listening sockets - Make sure an X server isn't already running
_XSERVTransSocketUNIXCreateListener: ...SocketCreateListener() failed
_XSERVTransMakeAllCOTSServerListeners: server already running

Fatal server error:
Cannot establish any listening sockets - Make sure an X server isn't already running


解决过程:


ps aux |grep -i "xorg|x11"

yum -y groupinstall "GNOME Desktop Environment"  CentOS6.5下不能用。

yum groupinstall "X Window System" "KDE (K Desktop Environment)"

rm -rf /tmp/.X11-unix


错误记录:
[root@hn opt]# vncserver :1

Warning: hn.kd.ny.adsl:1 is taken because of /tmp/.X1-lock
Remove this file if there is no X server hn.kd.ny.adsl:1
A VNC server is already running as :1
[root@hn opt]# cp /tmp/.X1-lock X1-lock.bak
[root@hn opt]# rm -rf /tmp/.X1-lock
[root@hn opt]# vncserver :1

Warning: hn.kd.ny.adsl:1 is taken because of /tmp/.X11-unix/X1
Remove this file if there is no X server hn.kd.ny.adsl:1
A VNC server is already running as :1
[root@hn opt]# vncserver :1

Warning: hn.kd.ny.adsl:1 is taken because of /tmp/.X11-unix/X1
Remove this file if there is no X server hn.kd.ny.adsl:1
A VNC server is already running as :1
[root@hn opt]# rm -rf /tmp/.X11-unix/X1
[root@hn opt]# vncserver :1
xauth:  creating new authority file /root/.Xauthority

WARNING: The first attempt to start Xvnc failed, possibly because the font
catalog is not properly configured.  Attempting to determine an appropriate
font path for this system and restart Xvnc using that font path ...
Could not start Xvnc.

_XSERVTransSocketUNIXCreateListener: ...SocketCreateListener() failed
_XSERVTransMakeAllCOTSServerListeners: server already running

Fatal server error:
Cannot establish any listening sockets - Make sure an X server isn't already running
_XSERVTransSocketUNIXCreateListener: ...SocketCreateListener() failed
_XSERVTransMakeAllCOTSServerListeners: server already running

Fatal server error:
Cannot establish any listening sockets - Make sure an X server isn't already running




正在启动 VNC 服务器:1:root 
WARNING: The first attempt to start Xvnc failed, possibly because the font
catalog is not properly configured.  Attempting to determine an appropriate
font path for this system and restart Xvnc using that font path ...
Could not start Xvnc.

_XSERVTransSocketUNIXCreateListener: ...SocketCreateListener() failed
_XSERVTransMakeAllCOTSServerListeners: server already running

Fatal server error:
Cannot establish any listening sockets - Make sure an X server isn't already running
_XSERVTransSocketUNIXCreateListener: ...SocketCreateListener() failed
_XSERVTransMakeAllCOTSServerListeners: server already running

Fatal server error:
Cannot establish any listening sockets - Make sure an X server isn't already running

                                                           [失败]

正在启动 VNC 服务器:1:root 
WARNING: The first attempt to start Xvnc failed, possibly because the font
catalog is not properly configured.  Attempting to determine an appropriate
font path for this system and restart Xvnc using that font path ...
Could not start Xvnc.

_XSERVTransSocketUNIXCreateListener: ...SocketCreateListener() failed
_XSERVTransMakeAllCOTSServerListeners: server already running

Fatal server error:
Cannot establish any listening sockets - Make sure an X server isn't already running
_XSERVTransSocketUNIXCreateListener: ...SocketCreateListener() failed
_XSERVTransMakeAllCOTSServerListeners: server already running

Fatal server error:
Cannot establish any listening sockets - Make sure an X server isn't already running

                                                           [失败]

执行:setup 命令

没有需要的选项;


以下为2014年10月21日安装VNCServer遇到的问题及解决方法
错误记录:
[root@hn]# service vncserver restart
关闭 VNC 服务器:                                          [确定]
正在启动 VNC 服务器:1:root 
Warning: hn.kd.ny.adsl:1 is taken because of /tmp/.X1-lock
Remove this file if there is no X server hn.kd.ny.adsl:1
A VNC server is already running as :1
                                                           [失败]
[root@hn]# find -name hn.kd.my.ads1:1
[root@hn]# rm -rf /tmp/.X1-lock
[root@hn]# 
[root@hn]# 
[root@hn]# service vncserver restart
关闭 VNC 服务器:                                          [确定]
正在启动 VNC 服务器:1:root 
Warning: hn.kd.ny.adsl:1 is taken because of /tmp/.X11-unix/X1
Remove this file if there is no X server hn.kd.ny.adsl:1
A VNC server is already running as :1
                                                           [失败]
[root@hn]# rm -rf /tmp/.X11-unix/X1
[root@hn]# service vncserver restart
关闭 VNC 服务器:                                          [确定]
正在启动 VNC 服务器:1:root 
WARNING: The first attempt to start Xvnc failed, possibly because the font
catalog is not properly configured.  Attempting to determine an appropriate
font path for this system and restart Xvnc using that font path ...
Could not start Xvnc.

_XSERVTransSocketUNIXCreateListener: ...SocketCreateListener() failed
_XSERVTransMakeAllCOTSServerListeners: server already running

Fatal server error:
Cannot establish any listening sockets - Make sure an X server isn't already running
_XSERVTransSocketUNIXCreateListener: ...SocketCreateListener() failed
_XSERVTransMakeAllCOTSServerListeners: server already running

Fatal server error:
Cannot establish any listening sockets - Make sure an X server isn't already running

                                                           [失败]
[root@hn]# 


解决方案:
[root@hn]# init 3
[root@hn]# service vncserver restart
关闭 VNC 服务器:                                          [确定]
正在启动 VNC 服务器:1:root 
New 'hn.kd.ny.adsl:1 (root)' desktop is hn.kd.ny.adsl:1

Creating default startup script /root/.vnc/xstartup
Starting applications specified in /root/.vnc/xstartup
Log file is /root/.vnc/hn.kd.ny.adsl:1.log

                                                           [确定]
[root@hn]# 

如何从官网下载VNC Server服务端安装文件

如何使用VNC Viewer连接远程CentOS服务器



    联系我

    IT十年-0群:(170273637)已满

    IT十年-1群:(170272290)

    IT十年-2群:(165600467)

    加群暗号:微wx笑

关注我的订阅号“微wx笑”